It is not unusual for a working group of people — not matter how formal or informal — to think of themselves and refer to themselves as a team. Yet, one authority says a real team must meet specific conditions.
In Leading Teams: Setting the Stage for Great Performances, J. Richard Hackman lays out five conditions necessary for successful teamwork:
1. The team must be a real team, rather than a team in name only;
2. It has compelling direction for its work;
3. It has an enabling structure that facilitates teamwork;
4. It operates within a supportive organizational context; and
5. It has expert teamwork coaching.
In this archived newsletter from the Harvard Business School, Hackman discusses the role of leadership in establishing and fostering teams in this e-mail interview with HBS Working Knowledge’s Mallory Stark.